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Annonaceae

Family Profile

Annonaceae

Family Description

A family of about 132 genera and 2300 species, pantropic but also extending into temperate regions; 17 genera occur in Australia, two introduced.

Genera

Annona - A genus of about 130 species in tropical America and Africa; four species have become naturalised in Australia. Backer & Bakhuizen van den Brink (1963). Jessup (2007).

Artabotrys - A genus of 85-100 species in tropical Africa and eastern Asia. One species occurs naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955); Jessup (2007).

Cananga - A genus of two species from Asia to Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955); Jessup (2007).

Desmos - A genus of about 30 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955); Jessup (2007).

Goniothalamus - A genus of more than 100 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Jessup (1986a). Jessup (2007)

Haplostichanthus - A genus of about 15 species in Malesia and Australia; five species endemic to Australia. Mueller (1891); Jessup (2007).

Huberantha - A genus of 27 species in east Africa, south eastern Asia, Malesia, south western Pacific to Australia. One species occurs naturally in Australia. Chaowasku (2012; 2015).

Meiogyne - A genus of about 21 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; four species occur naturally in Australia. Heusden (1994); Jessup (1989, 2007); Xue, B. et al (2014).

Miliusa - A genus of about 40-50 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Jessup (1986a, 1986b, 1988, 2007); Mols & Kessler (2003); Sinclair (1955).

Mitrella - A genus of about 7 species in SE Asia to Australia; one endemic species in Australia. Jessup (2007); Kerrigan et al (2011).

Mitrephora - A genus of about 40-50 species in SE Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955), Jessup (2007).

Polyalthia - A genus of about 100 species from Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific islands; four species occur naturally in Australia. Jessup (1986b, 2007); Sinclair (1955); White (1918).

Pseuduvaria - A genus of 38 species in SE Asia, Malesia and Australia; four species occur naturally in Australia. Jessup (1987); Sinclair (1955); Jessup (2007).

Uvaria - A genus of more than 100 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; twelve species occur naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955); Utteridge (2000); Jessup (2007); Zhou et al (2009, 2010, 2012).

Xylopia - A genus of about 160 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Smith (1956); Jessup (2007).

References

Backer, C.A. (1945). Notes on the flora of Java, II. Blumea 5:492-493.

Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. (1963). Annonaceae. In 'Flora of Java.' Vol. 1, (N.V.P. Noordhoff: Groningen.), pp. 100-116.

Bailey, F.M. (1899). Annonaceae. In 'The Queensland Flora.' Part 1, (H.J. Diddams & Co.: Brisbane.), pp. 20-27.

Chaowasku, T., Johnson, D.M., van der Ham , R.W.J.M. & Chatrou, L.W. (2012), Characterization of Hubera (Annonaceae), a new genus segregated from Polyalthia and allied to Miliusa. Phytotaxa 69: 50.

Chaowasku, T., Johnson, D.M., van der Ham , R.W.J.M. & Chatrou, L.W. (2015). Huberantha, a replacement name for Hubera (Annonaceae: Malmeoideae: Miliuseae). Kew Bulletin 70: 26.

Corner, E.J.H. (1952). Annonaceae. In 'Wayside Trees of Malaya.' Vol. 1 (Government Printing Office: Singapore.) 772 pp.

Harden, G.J., Nicholson, H.R.W., McDonald, W.J.F., Nicholson, N.J., Tame, T. & Williams, J. (2014). Rainforest Plants of Australia. Rockhampton to Victoria. Gwen Harden Publishing.

Heusden, E.C.H. (1994). Revision of Meiogyne (Annonaceae). Blumea 38:487-511.

Jessup, L.W. (1986a). The genus Goniothalamus (Blume) J.D. Hook. & Thomson (Annonaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 2:224-226.

Jessup, L.W. (1986b). New combinations in Australian Annonaceae. Austrobaileya 2:227.

Jessup, L.W. (1987). The genus Pseuduvaria Miq. (Annonaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 2:307-313.

Jessup, L.W. (1988). The genus Miliusa Leschen. ex A.DC. (Annonaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 2:517-523.

Jessup, L.W. (1989). The genus Ancana F.Muell. (Annonaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 3:63-67.

Jessup, L.W. (2007). Annonaceae. Flora of Australia 2:18-57.

Kerrigan, R.A., Cowie, I.D. & Dixon, D.J. (2011). Annonaceae. Flora of the Darwin Region.

Kessler, P.J.A. (1993). Annonaceae. In Kubitzki, K, Rohwer, J.G., Bittrich, V. Dr (eds), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Flowering Plants Dicotyledons. Magnoliid, Hamamelid and Caryophyllid Families. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin). Vol. 2, pp. 93-129.

Mols, J.B. & Kessler, P.J.A. (2003). The genus Miliusa (Annonaceae) in the Austro-Malesian area. Blumea 48:421-462.

Mueller, F. (1863). Annonaceae. Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4:33-34.

Mueller, F. (1891). Descriptions of new Australian plants, with occasional other annotations. The Victorian Naturalist 7:180-183.

Sinclair, J. (1955). A revision of the Malayan Annonaceae. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 14:149-516.

Smith, L.S. (1956). New species of and notes on Queensland plants. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 67:29-40.

Utteridge, T.M.A. (2000). Revision of the genus Cyathostemma (Annonaceae). Blumea 45: 377-396.

White, C.T. (1918). Contributions to the Queensland Flora. Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock, Botany Bulletin No. 20:1-20.

Xue, B., Thomas, D.C., Chaowasku, T., Johnson, D.M. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2014), Molecular phylogenetic support for the taxonomic merger of Fitzalania and Meiogyne (Annonaceae): new nomenclatural combinations under the conserved name Meiogyne. Systematic Botany 39(2): 396-404.

Zhou, L., Su, Y.C.F. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2009), Molecular phylogenetic support for a broader delimitation of Uvaria (Annonaceae), inclusive of Anomianthus, Cyathostemma, Ellipeia, Ellipeiopsis and Rauwenhoffia. Systematics and Biodiversity 7(3): 249-258.

Zhou, L. Su, Y.C.F., Chalermglin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2010), Molecular phylogenetics of Uvaria (Annonaceae): relationships with Balonga, Dasoclema and Australian species of Melodorum. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 33-43.

Zhou, L. Su, Y.C.F., Thomas, D.C., P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2012), ‘Out-of-Africa’ dispersal of tropical floras during the Miocene climatic optimum: evidence from Uvaria (Annonaceae). Journal of Biogeography 39: 322–335.