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Asteraceae

Family Profile

Asteraceae

Family Description

A family of about 1600+ genera and perhaps 24,000 species, cosmopolitan, reaching its best development in temperate and subtropical regions which are not densely forested; about 288 genera and 1417 species occur in Australia.

Genera

Acanthospermum - A genus of about 8 species from tropical America; one introduced weed species occurs in Australia.

Adenostemma - A genus of about 14 species in tropical and subtropical America, Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; two species occur naturally in Australia.

Ageratina - A genus of about 240 species mostly in the Americas; three species have become naturalised in Australia.

Ageratum - A genus of about 40 species from tropical America; two introduced weed species occurs in Australia, one in northern Australia.

Apowollastonia - A genus of 8 species, mainly in northern Australia but extending to New Guinea and Indonesia. Orchard (2015).

Bidens - A genus of about 230-280 species, cosmopolitan; six species have become naturalised in Australia.

Blainvillea - A genus of 10 species in America, some are pantropical weeds. One species naturalised in Australia.

Blumea - A genus of about 50 species in Africa, Madagascar, India, eastern Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; about eight species occur naturally in Australia.

Calyptocarpus - A genus of about 10 species from the Americas; one species became naturalised in Australia.

Cassinia - A genus of 28 species in Africa, Australia and New Zealand; about 20 species occur naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Centratherum - A genus of ca. 40 species mainly from the New World. One naturalised and one native species occur in Australia.

Chromolaena - A genus of about 165 species mainly from the Americas; two species have been recorded as weeds in Australia.

Cirsium - A genus of about 150 species centred in the northern hemisphere; about four species have become naturalised in Australia.

Coronidium - A genus of 17 species endemic to eastern Australia except for two that are also found in south-eastern South Australia of which one extends into Tasmania. Wilson, Paul G.(2008).

Cosmos - A genus of about 25 species from tropical and subtropical America; two species have become naturalised in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Crassocephalum - A genus of about 25 species in Africa and Madagascar; one species has become naturalised in Australia.

Cyanthillium - A genus of 7 or 8 species from Africa to SE Asia; two species naturalised in Australia. Orchard (2015).

Dichrocephala - A genus of about 13 species in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Eclipta - A genus of three to four species, pantropic; two species occur naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Elephantopus - A genus of about 30 species, most from the New World with 5 species from Africa and 2 species from Asia. One species has become naturalised in Australia.

Eleutheranthera - A monotypic genus from tropical America naturalised in Australia.

Emilia - A genus of +/- 100 species of tropical Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands. One species naturalised in Australia.

Erechtites - A genus of about 15 species in North and South America; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Erigeron - A genus of about 500 species, most in North and South America; about seven species have become naturalised in Australia. Nesom (2008).

Eschenbachia - A genus of an uncertain number of species, mostly native in Africa. Two species have become naturalised in Australia.

Gynura - A genus of about 40 species from tropical Africa and Madagascar to Asia with most species in southeast Asia. A single species with two varieties native to Australia.

Mikania - A genus of about 250 species in Africa and the Americas; one species has become naturalised in Australia.

Montanoa - A genus of about 50 species in Central and South America; one or two species have become naturalised in Australia. Brown et al. (1992); Kleinschmidt & Johnson (1977).

Olearia - A genus of about 100 species in New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand; about 80 species occur naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Ozothamnus - A genus of more than 50 species in Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia; 44 species occur naturally in Australia. Anderberg et al (2007); Everett (1992); Harden et al.(2014).

Phacellothrix - A monotypic genus native to Australia.

Praxelis - A genus of about 14 species from tropical America; one species naturalised in Australia.

Pseudelephantopus - A small genus of one to three species in Central and South America; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Kleinschmidt & Johnson (1977).

Senecio - A large genus of about 2000 species, cosmopolitan; about 87 species occur in Australia, and ten species have become naturalised. Hnatiuk (1990); Stanley & Ross (1986); Thompson (2006).

Sigesbeckia - A genus of six species in tropical and temperate parts of the world; one species (probably naturalised) occurs in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Sphagneticola - A genus of four species native to Mexico to Argentina. One species naturalised in Australia.

Synedrella - A genus of about 50 species in the Americas, Africa, Madagascar and India; one species has become naturalised in Australia. However, the generic delimitation from Calyptocarpus may not be clear. Bailey & White (1917).

Tagetes - A genus of about 50 species in tropical and subtropical America; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Brown et al. (1992); Stanley & Ross (1986).

Tithonia - A genus of about ten species in Central America and the West Indies; two species have become naturalised in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Tridax - A genus of about 26 species from Mexico and tropical America. A single species has naturalised in Australia and is regarded as a weed.

Vittadinia - A genus of about 20 species from New Guinea, New Caledonia, New Zealand and Australia; ca. 16 species occur in Australia.

Youngia - A genus of about 40 species mostly from Asia; one species naturalised in Australia.

Wollastonia - A genus of 20 species in eastern Africa, Asia, Malesia, and islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans; two species occur in Australia. Orchard (2015).

References

Anderberg,, A.A. Baldwin, B.G., Bayer, R.G. Breitwieser, J., Jeffrey, C., Dillon, M.O., Eldenäs, P., Funk, V., Garcia-Jacas, N., Hind, D.J.N., Karis, P.O. Lack, H.W. Nesom, GNordenstam, . B. Oberprieler, Ch. Panero, J.L. Puttock, C. Robinson, H. Stuessy, T.F, Susanna,A. Urtubey, E., Vogt, R. Ward J. and Watson L.E. (2007). Asteraceae. Flowering Plants Eudicots. Asterales. In Kadereit, J.W. and Jeffrey, C. (eds.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. (springer Verlag, berlin). Vol 8, pp. 61-588.

Bailey, J.F. & White, C.T. (1917). Contributions to the Queensland Flora. Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock, Botany Bulletin No. 19:10.

Brown, E.A. et al. (1992). Asteraceae. In Harden, G.J. (Ed.) 'Flora of New South Wales.' Vol. 3, (New South Wales University Press: Kensington.), pp. 131-341.

Burbidge, N.T. (1982) A revision of Vittadinia A. Rich (Compositae) together with reinstatement of Eurybiopsis DC. and description of a new genus, Camptacra. Brunonia 5(1): 1-72

Evertt, J. (1992). Ozothamnus. In Harden, G.J. (Ed.) 'Flora of New South Wales.' Vol. 3, (New South Wales University Press: Kensington.), p. 237-243.

Green, P.S. in Wilson, A.J.G. (Ed) (1994), Flora of Australia 49: 398.

Harden, G.J., Nicholson, H.R.W., McDonald, W.J.F., Nicholson, N.J., Tame, T. & Williams, J. (2014). Rainforest Plants of Australia. Rockhampton to Victoria. Gwen Harden Publishing.

Hnatiuk, R. (1990). 'Census of Australian Vascular Plants.' Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), 650 pp.

Kleinschmidt, H.E. & Johnson, R.W. (1977). 'Weeds of Queensland.' (Government Printer: Brisbane.), 469 pp. Koster, J.T. (1972). The Compositae of New Guinea III. Blumea 20:193-226.

Koster, J.T. (1976) The Compositae of New Guinea V. Blumea 23(1): 166-167.

Melchert, T.E. (1975) New combinations in the Coreopsidinae. Phytologia 32(4).

Nesom, G.L. (1994) Peripleura (Asteraceae: Astereae): a new, Australian genus segregated from Vittadinia. Phytologia 76(2).

Nesom, G.L. (2008) Classification of Subtribe Conyzinae (Asteraceae: Astereae). Lundellia 11: 8-38.

Orchard, A.E. (2015) Asteraceae Vol. 2. Flora of Australia 37.

Smith, A.C. (1991). Blumea milnei. In 'Flora Vitiensis Nova A New Flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only).' Vol. 5 , (National Tropical Botanical Garden: Lawai ) Pg. 310.

Smith, A.C. & Carr, G.D. (1991) Asteraceae. Flora Vitiensis Nova 5

Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1986). Asteraceae. In 'Flora of south-eastern Queensland.' Vol. 2, (Queensland Department of Primary Industries: Brisbane.), pp. 495-597.

Thompson, I.R. (2008) A taxonomic treatment of tribe Senecioneae (Asteraceae) in Australia. Muelleria 24:51-110

Thompson, I.R. (2007) A taxonomic treatment of tribe Lactuceae (Asteraceae) in Australia. Muelleria 25: 69-70

Wagner, W.L. & Robinson, H. (2001). Brittonia 53(4): 539-561