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Fruit and leaves [not vouchered]. Copyright G. Sankowsky
Fruit, three views, cross section and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scientific NameGalbulimima baccata F.M.Bailey
Bailey, F.M. (1894) Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock. Botany Bulletin 9: 5. Type: Eumundi, E.H. Arundell.
Pigeonberry Ash; Ash, Northern Pigeonberry; Ash, Pigeonberry; Galbulimima; Magnolia; Northern Pigeonberry Ash
Numerous small brown circular scales visible with a lens on the underside of the leaf blade. Young shoots and twigs coppery. Leaf blades about 6-11 x 2.5-3.5 cm. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin.
Flowers about 2-2.5 cm diam. with a strong unpleasant odour. Two concentric opercula present in young flower buds, but only one remains just prior to anthesis. Stamens not clearly differentiated into anther and filament. Anther connective extending well past the anther sacs as a linear appendage. Flower buds densely clothed in coppery brown lepidote scales.
Cotyledons oblong or obovate, scattered brown scales visible with a lens on the undersurface. At the tenth leaf stage: flat brown scales present on the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blade; petioles, terminal bud and stem densely clothed in flat dark brown scales. Seed germination time 107 days.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP, NEQ and also in south-eastern Queensland but not yet collected in coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range in CYP and NEQ from 400-1100 m. Grows in well developed mountain rain forests on a variety of sites. Also occurs in New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
Natural History & Notes
This species is a rich source of alkaloids. A closely related species in New Guinea is used as a hallucinogenic. Pigeons feeding on fruits of the New Guinea species are reported to have sufficient levels of the hallucinogens in their flesh to produce a reaction in anyone dining on them. (Anon. Pers. com)
Produces a useful decorative timber.
Wood specific gravity 0.64. Cause et al. (1989).
SynonymsHimantandra baccata (Bailey) Diels, Botanische Jahrbucher 55 : 128(1918). Galbulimima belgraveana (F.Muell.) Sprague, The Journal of Botany 60 : 138(1922).
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