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Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruits. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Seedling with 6 leaves. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scientific NameHeritiera littoralis Aiton
Aiton, W. (1789) Hortus Kewensis 3: 546. Type: Nat. of the East India Islands: Zeylon, J. G. Koenig, M.D. Pulo Condore. Mr. Dav. Nelson. Introd. 1780, by Sir Joseph Banks, Bart.
Looking-glass Mangrove; Lookingglass Tree; Beach Tulip Oak; Red Mangrove; Tulip Mangrove; Looking Glass Tree
Leaf blade rather large, about 14-29 x 7-13 cm, silvery white to dull, pale brown on the underside (stellate-scaly), very abruptly narrowed into a comparatively short petiole. Twig bark strong and fibrous when stripped. Pores just visible with the naked eye in the twig pith.
Fruiting carpel ellipsoid, about 5-10 x 3-6 cm, surface smooth, keeled on one side, but not winged. Seed surrounded by a fibrous pericarp about 5-10 mm thick, testa +/- fleshy. Cotyledons +/- globular, about 20-25 mm diam.
First pair of leaves linear, base auriculate, lower surface white or silvery from numerous flat scales. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elongate-elliptic to linear, apex acuminate, base auriculate, upper surface with scattered brown or silvery scales, lower surface white or silvery from numerous scales; petiole, terminal bud and stem clothed in brown scales. Seed germination time 65 to 201 days.
Distribution and Ecology
Natural History & Notes
Food plant for the larval stages of the Common Oakblue Butterfly. Common & Waterhouse (1981).
This species may have medicinal properties. (http://squid2.laughingsquid.net/hosts/herbweb.com /herbage/A13062.htm)
The leaves of this species are regarded as a contraceptive. Cribb (1981).
CC-BY Australian Tropical Herbarium unless otherwise indicated in the images.