Click on images to enlarge
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, many views, cross section and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scientific NameLigustrum lucidum W.T.Aiton
Aiton, W. (1810) Hortus Kewensis : 19. Type: Introd. about 1794, by the Right. Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K.B. Native of China.
Large Leaved Privet; Tree Privet; Large Leaf Privet; Glossy Privet; Giant Privet; Broad-leaved Privet; Broad Leaf Privet
Usually grows into a small tree but also flowers and fruits as a shrub.
Calyx about 2 mm long, the lobes inconspicuous. Corolla about 3-4 mm long, the lobes longer than the corolla tube. Stamens exceeding the corolla. Ovules pendulous, 2 per locule. Stigma projecting beyond the corolla tube.
Fruits ellipsoid, about 9-10 x 7 mm.
Distribution and Ecology
An introduced species originally from China and Japan. Widely cultivated in Australia and now naturalised in NEQ, on the Atherton Tableland, CEQ, and southwards as far as southern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 700-800 m. Grows on the margins of rain forest, in rain forest regrowth and wet sclerophyll forest.
Natural History & Notes
The leaves of this species are suspected of poisoning cattle and the fruits of poisoning children. Everist (1974).
A introduced species once commonly planted but now a weed because of bird dispersal of the seeds. This species may have medicinal properties. (http://squid2.laughingsquid.net/hosts/herbweb.com /herbage/A15301.htm)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
CC-BY Australian Tropical Herbarium unless otherwise indicated in the images.