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Proteaceae

Family Profile

Proteaceae

Family Description

A family of about 80 genera and more than 1615 species, pantropic but extending into temperate areas in the southern hemisphere. South Africa and Australia are centres of diversity; 47 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Alloxylon - A genus of four species in New Guinea and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Crisp & Weston (1995); Francis (1970); Weston & Crisp (1991); Weston & Barker (2006).

Athertonia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Johnson & Briggs (1975); Weston (1995c); Weston & Barker (2006).

Austromuellera - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. White (1930); Weston & Barker (2006).

Banksia - A genus of more than 70 species in New Guinea and Australia; all species occur naturally in Australia. George (1981); Weston & Barker (2006).

Bleasdalea - A genus of two species in New Guinea and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Smith & Haas (1975); Weston (1995a); Weston & Barker (2006).

Buckinghamia - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Foreman & Hyland (1988, 1995); Weston & Barker (2006).

Cardwellia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Francis (1970); Hyland (1995c); Weston & Barker (2006).

Carnarvonia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Douglas (1996); Francis (1970); Hyland (1995a); Weston & Barker (2006).

Catalepidia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Weston (1995d); Weston & Barker (2006).

Darlingia - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Francis (1970); Hyland (1995b); Johnson (1962); Weston & Barker (2006).

Eidothea - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Douglas & Hyland (1995); Weston & Kooyman (2002); Weston & Barker (2006).

Grevillea - A genus of about 362 species in east Malesia, Australia, New Caledonia and Vanuatu; about 250 species occur naturally in Australia. Bailey (1901); Harden et al. (2014); Makinson (2000); McGillivray (1986, 1993); Weston (2007); Weston & Barker (2006).

Helicia - A genus of about 90 species in Asia, Japan, Taiwan, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Foreman (1983, 1986, 1995c); Weston & Barker (2006).

Hicksbeachia - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Weston (1988, 1995b); Weston & Barker (2006).

Hollandaea - A genus of four species endemic to Australia. Hyland, (1995d); Smith (1956); Weston & Barker (2006); Ford & Weston (2012).

Lasjia - A genus of five species in eastern Malesia, New Guinea and Australia, previously included in Macadamia. Gross (1995); Gross & Hyland (1993); Smith (1956); Mast, A.R., et al (2008); Weston & Barker (2006).

Lomatia - A genus of 12 species in Australia and South America; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Francis (1970); Wilson et al. (1995); Weston & Barker (2006).

Megahertzia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. George & Hyland (1995b); Weston & Barker (2006).

Musgravea - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Francis (1970); Smith (1969); Weston & Barker (2006).

Neorites - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Hewson (1995b); Smith (1969); Weston & Barker (2006).

Nothorites - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Mast et al (2008); Weston & Barker (2006).

Opisthiolepis - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Foreman (1995b); Smith (1952); Weston & Barker (2006).

Orites - A genus of nine or ten species in Australia and South America; seven or eight species occur naturally in Australia. George & Hyland (1995a); White (1933); Weston & Barker (2006).

Persoonia - A genus of 98 species, all endemic to Australia. Harden et al. (2014); Weston (1995); Weston (2007).

Placospermum - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Weston (1995a); White & Francis (1924); Weston & Barker (2006).

Sphalmium - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Briggs et al. (1975); Hewson (1995a); Weston & Barker (2006).

Stenocarpus - A genus of about 25 species in New Guinea, Australia and New Caledonia; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Foreman (1995a); Foreman & Hyland (1988); Weston & Barker (2006).

Triunia - A genus of four species endemic to Australia. Foreman (1987, 1995d); Weston & Barker (2006).

References

Bailey, F.M. (1901). Proteaceae. In 'The Queensland Flora.' Part 4, (H.J. Diddams & Co.: Brisbane.), pp. 1316-1361.

Briggs, B.G., Hyland, B.P.M. & Johnson, L.A.S. (1975). Sphalmium a distinctive new genus of Proteaceae from north Queensland. Australian Journal of Botany 23:165-172.

Crisp, M.D. & Weston, P.H. (1995). Alloxylon. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 383-386.

Douglas, A.W. (1996). Inflorescence and floral development of Carnarvonia (Proteaceae). Telopea 6:749-774.

Douglas, A.W. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1995). Subfam. 3. Eidotheoideae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 127-128.

Ford, A.J. & Weston, P.H. (2012), A taxonomic revision of Hollandaea F.Muell. (Proteaceae). Austrobaileya 8(4): 670-687.

Foreman, D.B. (1983). A review of the genus Helicia Lour. (Proteaceae) in Australia. Brunonia 6:59-72.

Foreman, D.B. (1986). A new species of Helicia, new combinations and lectotypification in Triunia (Proteaceae) from Australia. Muelleria 6:193-196.

Foreman, D.B. (1987). New species of Xylomelum Sm. & Triunia Johnson and Briggs (Proteaceae). Muelleria 6:299-305.

Foreman, D.B. (1995a). Stenocarpus. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 363-369.

Foreman, D.B. (1995b). Opisthiolepis. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 373-374.

Foreman, D.B. (1995c). Helicia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 393-399.

Foreman, D.B. (1995d). Triunia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 404-407.

Foreman, D.B. & Hyland B.P.M. (1988). New species of Buckinghamia F.Muell. and Stenocarpus R.Br. (Proteaceae) from northern Queensland. Muelleria 6:417-424.

Foreman, D.B. & Hyland, B.P. M. (1995). Buckinghamia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 371-373.

Francis, W.D. (1970). 'Australian Rain-Forest Trees.' (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), 468 pp.

George, A.S. (1981). The genus Banksia L. f. (Proteaceae). Nuytsia 3:239-473.

George, A.S. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1995a). Orites. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 346-352.

George, A.S. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1995b). Megahertzia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 355.

Gross, C.L. (1995). Macadamia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 419-425.

Gross, C.L. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1993). Two new species of Macadamia (Proteaceae), from North Queensland. Australian Systematic Botany 6:343-350.

Harden, G.J., Nicholson, H.R.W., McDonald, W.J.F., Nicholson, N.J., Tame, T. & Williams, J. (2014). Rainforest Plants of Australia. Rockhampton to Victoria. Gwen Harden Publishing.

Hewson, H.J. (1995a). Sphalmium. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 342-343.

Hewson, H.J. (1995b). Neorites. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 352-353.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1995a). Carnarvonia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 343-345.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1995b). Darlingia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 356-357.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1995c). Cardwellia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), p. 359.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1995d). Hollandaea. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 391-393.

Johnson, L.A.S. (1962). Taxonomic notes on Australian plants. Contributions from the New South Wales National Herbarium 3:93-102.

Johnson, L.A.S. & Briggs, B.G. (1975). On the Proteaceae - the evolution and classification of a southern family. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 70:83-182.

Johnson, L.A.S. & Briggs, B.G. (1983). Proteaceae. In Morley, B.D. & Toelken, H.R. (Eds) 'Flowering Plants in Australia.' (Rigby Publishers: Adelaide.), pp. 238-244.

Makinson, R.O. in Wilson, A.J.G. (ed.) (2000), Grevillea. Flora of Australia 17A: 364.

Mast, A.R., Willis, C.L., Jones, E.H., Downs, K.M. & Weston, P.H. (2008) A smaller Macadamia from a more vagile tribe: inference of phylogenetic relationships, divergence times, and diaspore evolution in Macadamia and relatives (tribe Macadamieae; Proteaceae). American Journal of Botany 95(7): 865

McGillivray, D.J. (1986). 'New names in Grevillea (Proteaceae)'. (Published by the author: Castle Hill, NSW.), 16 pp.

McGillivray, D.J. (1993). 'Grevillea, Proteaceae: a taxonomic revision.' (Melbourne University Press: Carlton.), 465 pp.

Rao, C.V. (1957). Cytotaxonomy of the Proteaceae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 82:257-271.

Rao, C.V. (1971). 'Proteaceae.' Botanical Monograph No. 6, (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research: New Delhi.), 208 pp.

Sleumer, H. (1955). Studies in Old World Proteaceae. Blumea 8:2-95.

Smith, A.C. & Haas, J.E. (1975). Studies of Pacific island plants. XXIX. Bleasdalea and related genera of Proteaceae. American Journal of Botany 62:133-147.

Smith, L.S. (1952). Opisthiolepis, a new genus of Proteaceae from Queensland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 62:79-81.

Smith, L.S. (1956). New species of and notes on Queensland plants. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 67:29-40.

Smith, L.S. (1969). New species of and notes on Queensland plants - V. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium No. 6:1-25.

Weston, P.H. (1988). A revision of Hicksbeachia (Proteaceae). Telopea 3:231-239.

Weston, P.H. (1995a). Subfam. 1. Persoonioideae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 47-125.

Weston, P.H. (1995b). Hicksbeachia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 410-413.

Weston, P.H. (1995c). Athertonia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 413-415.

Weston, P.H. (1995d). Catalepidia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 415-416.

Weston, P.H. (2007). Proteaceae. In Kubitzki, K.(ed), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Flowering Plants Eudicots. Berberidopsidales, Buxales, Crossosomatales, Fabales p.p., Geraniales, Gunnerales, Myrtales p.p., Proteales, Saxifragales, Vitales, Zygophyllales, Clusiaceae Alliance, Passifloraceae Alliance, Dilleniaceae, Huaceae, Picramniaceae, Sabiaceae. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin). Vol. 9, pp. 364-404.

Weston, P.H. & Barker, N.P. (2006). A new suprageneric classification of the Proteaceae, with an annotated checklist of genera. Telopea 11(3): 314-344.

Weston, P.H. & Crisp, M.D. (1991). Alloxylon (Proteaceae), a new genus from New Guinea and eastern Australia. Telopea 4:497-507.

Weston, P.H. & Kooyman, R.M. (2002). Systematics of Eidothea (Proteaceae) with the discription of a new species, E. hardeniana from the Nightcap Range, north-eastern New South Wales. Telopea 9:82-832.

White, C.T. (1930). A new genus of Proteaceae from north Queensland. Kew Bulletin, 1930:234-235.

White, C.T. (1933). Ligneous plants collected for the Arnold Arboretum in North Queensland by S.F. Kajewski in 1929. Contributions from the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 4:1-113.

White, C.T. & Francis, W.D. (1924). Contributions to the Queensland Flora, No. 2. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 35:63-84.

Wilson, A.J.G., Hewson, H.J. & Mowatt, J. (1995). Lomatia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 374-382.