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Sapindaceae

Family Profile

Sapindaceae

Family Description

A family of 150 genera and 2000 species, pantropic; about 30 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Alectryon - A genus of about 30 species in Malesia, Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia and the Pacific islands; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. (2011); Harden et al. (2014); Leenhouts (1988); Reynolds (1982, 1985b, 1987, 1991); Stanley & Ross (1983).

Allophylus - A monotypic genus in Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia. Leenhouts (1967); Reynolds (1985b).

Arytera - A genus of about 25 species in Malesia, Australia and New Caledonia; ten species occur naturally in Australia. Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. (2011); Cooper & Cooper (2004); Ham (1977b); Reynolds (1985a, 1985b); Turner (1995).

Atalaya - A genus of 11 species in Africa, Malesia and Australia; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Reynolds (1985b).

Cardiospermum - A genus of 12 species mainly in tropical America; two species have become naturalised in Australia. Reynolds (1985b).

Castanospora - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Reynolds (1984, 1985b).

Cnesmocarpon - A genus of four species in New Guinea and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Adema et al. (1994).

Cossinia - A genus of 4 species occuring in Mascarene Islands, New Caledonia, Fiji and Australia. Reynolds (1982, 1985b).

Cupaniopsis - A genus of 65-70 species in New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia and the Pacific islands; 11 species occur naturally in Australia. Reynolds (1984, 1985b).

Dictyoneura - A genus of nine species in Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Dijk (1986); Reynolds (1985a, 1985b).

Dimocarpus - A genus of six species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; two species occur naturally in Australia and one species has become naturalised. Leenhouts (1973); Reynolds (1985b).

Diploglottis - A genus of 11 species in Australia, New Guinea and New Caledonia; 11 species occur naturally in Australia, 10 endemic. Leenhouts (1978); Reynolds (1985b); Cooper (2014).

Dodonaea - A genus of about 70 species, pantropic; 61 species occur naturally in Australia. West (1984, 1985).

Elattostachys -A genus of 13 species in Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; four species occur naturally in Australia. Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. (2011); Harden et al. (2014); Reynolds (1985a, 1985b).

Ganophyllum - A monotypic genus in Africa, the Andaman Islands, Asia, Malesia and Australia. Reynolds (1984, 1985b).

Guioa - A genus of almost 80 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; five species occur naturally in Australia. Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. (2011); Cooper & Cooper (2004); Harden et al. (2014); Reynolds (1984, 1985b); Welzen (1989, 1997).

Harpullia - A genus of 26 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; eight species occur naturally in Australia. Cooper & Cooper (2014); Harden et al. (2014); Leenhouts & Vente (1982); Reynolds (1981, 1985b).

Jagera - A genus of four species in Malesia and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Leenhouts (1987); Reynolds (1985b).

Lepiderema -A genus of eight species in Australia and New Guinea; six species and one informally named taxon occur naturally in Australia.   Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. (2011); Cooper & Cooper (2004); Harden et al. (2014); Reynolds (1985b).

Lepidopetalum - A genus of six species in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Reynolds (1985a, 1985b); Royen (1964); Welzen et al. (1992).

Lepisanthes - A genus of 24 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; two species occurs naturally in Australia. Forster & Holmes (2003); Leenhouts (1969); Reynolds (1985b).

Mischarytera - A genus of four species in Papua New Guinea and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Turner (1995); Forster (2006).

Mischocarpus - A genus of 15 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. (2011); Ham (1977a); Harden et al. (2014); Reynolds (1985a, 1985b).

Rhysotoechia - A genus of about 14 species in Malesia and Australia; five species occur naturally in Australia. Reynolds (1985b).

Sarcopteryx - A genus of 11 species in Malesia and Australia; five or six species occur naturally in Australia. Reynolds (1985b).

Sarcotoechia - A genus of six or seven species in New Guinea and Australia; six or seven species occur naturally in Australia. Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. (2011); Cooper & Cooper (2004); Reynolds (1985a, 1985b).

Synima - A genus of three species in New Guinea and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Reynolds (1985a, 1985b); Forster (2006).

Toechima - A genus of eight species in New Guinea and Australia; six species occur naturally in Australia. Reynolds (1985a, 1985b).

Tristiropsis - A genus of 13 or 14 species in Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Adema et al. (1994); Reynolds (1985a, 1985b).

References

Acevedo-Rodriguez, P., Van Welzen, P.C., Adema, F. ,and Van Der Ham, R.W.J.M. (2011). Sapindaceae. Flowering Plants Eudicots. Sapindales, Cucurbitales, Myrtaceae. In Kubitzki, K.(ed), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin). Vol. 10, pp. 357-407.

Adema, F., Leenhouts, P.W. & Welzen, P.C. van (1994). Sapindaceae. In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 11, (Cip-Gegevens Koninklijke Bibliotheek: Den Haag.), pp. 419-768.

Cooper, Wendy & Cooper, William T. (2004) Fruits of the Australian tropical rainforest, Nokomis Publications, Clifton Hill, Vic.

Cooper, W.E. (2014), Diploglottis alaticarpa W.E.Cooper (Sapindaceae), a new species from Queensland's Wet Tropics. Austrobaileya 9(2): 199-201.

Dijk, J. van (1986). A taxonomic revision of Dictyoneura (Sapindaceae). Blumea 31:437-449.

Forster, P.I. & Holmes, J. (2003). Lepisanthes senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Leenh. (Sapindaceae), a new generic and specific record for Queensland. Austrobaileya 6:559-560.

Forster, P.I. (2006). Mischarytera megaphylla P.I.Forst. (Sapindaceae), a new species from the 'Wet Tropics' of north-east Queensland. Austrobaileya 6: 279-283.

Forster, P.I. (2006). Synima reynoldsiae P.I.Forst. (Sapindaceae), a new species from the 'Wet Tropics' of north-east Queensland. Austrobaileya 6: 285-291.

 

Ham, R.W.J.M. van der (1977a). A revision of Mishocarpus (Sapindaceae). Blumea 23:251-288.

Ham, R.W.J.M. van der (1977b). Notes on Arytera (Sapindaceae). Blumea 23:289-300.

Harden, G.J., Nicholson, H.R.W., McDonald, W.J.F., Nicholson, N.J., Tame, T. & Williams, J. (2014). Rainforest Plants of Australia. Rockhampton to Victoria. Gwen Harden.

Leenhouts, P.W. (1967). A conspectus of the genus Allophylus (Sapindaceae). The problem of a complex species. Blumea 15:301-358.

Leenhouts, P.W. (1969). Flora Malesiana Praecursores L. A revision of Lepisanthes (Sapindaceae). Blumea 17:33-91.

Leenhouts, P.W. (1973). A new species of Dimocarpus (Sapindaceae) from Australia. Blumea 21:377-380.

Leenhouts, P.W. (1978). A new species of Diploglottis (Sapindaceae) and its systematic position. Blumea 24:173-179.

Leenhouts, P.W. (1987). A new subspecies of Jagera javanica (Sapindaceae). Blumea 32:225.

Leenhouts, P.W. (1988). A revision of Alectryon (Sapindaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 33:313-327.

Leenhouts, P.W. & Vente, M. (1982). A taxonomic revision of Harpullia (Sapindaceae). Blumea 28:1-51.

Reynolds, S.T. (1981). Notes on Sapindaceae in Australia, I. Austrobaileya 1:388-419.

Reynolds, S.T. (1982). Notes on Sapindaceae in Australia, II. Austrobaileya 1:472-496.

Reynolds, S.T. (1984). Notes on Sapindaceae, III. Austrobaileya 2:29-64.

Reynolds, S.T. (1985a). Notes on Sapindaceae, IV. Austrobaileya 2:153-189.

Reynolds, S.T. (1985b). Sapindaceae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 25, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), pp. 4-164, 198-202.

Reynolds, S.T. (1987). Notes on Sapindaceae, V. Austrobaileya 2:328-338.

Reynolds, S.T. (1991). New species and changes in Sapindaceae from Queensland. Austrobaileya 3:489-501.

Royen, P. van (1964). 'Manual of the Forest Trees of New Guinea. Part 2 - Sapindaceae.' (Department of Forests: Port Moresby.), 53 pp.

Stanley, T.D. and Ross, E.M. (1983) Flora of South-eastern Queensland I: 504. Queensland Department of Primary Industries.

Turner, H. (1995). Cladistic and biogeographic analyses of Arytera Blume and Mischarytera gen. nov. (Sapindaceae). Blumea Supplement 9, pp. 149-220.

Welzen, P.C. van (1989). Guioa Cav. (Sapindaceae). Taxonomy, phylogeny and historical biogeography. Leiden Botanical Series 12:1-315.

Welzen, P.C. van (1997). Guioa sarcopterifructa (Sapindaceae): a new Australian species. Austrobaileya 5:103-105.

Welzen, P.C. van, Piskaut, P. & Windadri, F.I. (1992). Lepidopetalum Blume (Sapindaceae): Taxonomy, phylogeny, and historical biogeography. Blumea 36:439-465

West, J.G. (1984). A revision of Dodonaea Miller (Sapindaceae) in Australia. Brunonia 7:1-194.

West, J.G. (1985). Dodonaea. In Reynolds, S.T. (1985b). Sapindaceae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 25, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), pp. 114-163.