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Sapotaceae

Family Profile

Sapotaceae

Family Description

A family of about 53 genera and 1100 species, pantropic, usually in the wetter areas, with a few species in temperate areas and in arid and semi-arid regions; ten genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Amorphospermum - A monotypic genus, in New Guinea and Australia. Swenson et al (2013)

Chrysophyllum - A genus of about 80 species, pantropic, particularly well developed in tropical America; two species occur naturally in Australia. Vink (1958).

Manilkara - A genus of about 50 species in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Pennington (1991).

Mimusops - A genus of nearly 60 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Backer & Bakhuizen van den Brink (1965); Reddi & Bai (1980); Royen (1952).

Niemeyera - A genus of four species endemic to Australia. Aubreville (1965); Guymer (1982); Pennington (1991); Swenson et al (2013).

Palaquium - A genus of more than 115 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Solomon Islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Royen (1960).

Planchonella - A genus of about 110 species in eastern Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific; about 17 species occur naturally in Australia. Swenson et al (2007a and 2007b); Swenson et al (2013).

Pleioluma - A genus of 30 species, in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific; 7 species occur naturally in Australia. Swenson et al (2007a and 2007b); Swenson et al (2013).

Sersalisia - A genus of four to six species endemic to Australia. Aubreville (1963); Swenson et al (2007a and 2007b); Swenson et al (2013).

Vanroyena - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Aubreville (1963); Swenson et al (2013).

References

Aubreville, A. (1963). Notes sur les Pouteriees Oceaniennes (Sapotacees). Adansonia 3: 327-335.

Aubreville, A. (1965). Notes sur des SapotacÞes Australiennes. Adansonia, New Series 5:21-26.

Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. (1965). Sapotaceae. In 'Flora of Java.' Vol. 2, (N.V.P. Noordhoff: Groningen.), pp. 189-194.

Bailey, F.M. (1904). Contributions to the Queensland Flora. Queensland Agricultural Journal 15:491-495.

Guymer, G.P. (1982). Australian Sapotaceae - Amorphospermum and Niemeyera. Australian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter 31:11-13.

Herrmann-Erlee, M.P.M. & Royen, P. van (1957). Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. IX. Pouteria Aublet. Blumea 8:452-509.

Jessup, L.W. (2001). New combinations and a new name in Australian Sapotaceae. Austrobaileya 6:161-163.

Pennington, T.D. (1991). 'The Genera of Sapotaceae.' (Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew and The New York Botanical Garden: Bronx, New York.), 295 pp.

Reddi, C.S. & Bai, A.J. (1980). Floral biology of Mimusops elengi Linn. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 7:471-475.

Royen, P. van (1952). Mimusops L. Blumea 6:594-595. Royen, P. van (1957). Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. VII. Planchonella Pierre. Blumea 8:235-445.

Royen, P. van (1960). Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense, XXIII. Palaquium Blanco. Blumea 10:432-606.

Swenson, U., Bartish, I.V. & Munzinger, J. (2007a) Phylogeny, diagnostic characters and generic limitation of Australasian Chrysophylloideae (Sapotaceae, Ericales): evidence from ITS sequence data and morphology. Cladistics 23: 201-228.

Swenson, U., Munzinger, J. & Bartish, I.V. (2007b) Molecular phylogeny of Planchonella (Sapotaceae) and eight new species from New Caledonia. Taxon 56(2): 329-354.

Swenson, U. et al (2013), Towards a natural classification of Sapotaceae subfamily Chrysophylloideae in Oceania and Southeast Asia based on nuclear sequence data. Taxon 62(4): 746-770.

Vink, W. (1958). Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense, XIII. Chrysophyllum L. Blumea 9:21-74.